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GK13 Englisch – King James: The Union of Two Nations

August 28, 2008

Dear all,

as promised, here is the post for you to leave your notes related to “King James: The Union of Two Nations“ in.

5 Kommentare

  1. – the Tudor dynasty was one of the most colourful
    which ruled England but they had problems to get
    enough heirs –> King Henry VIII. had three
    children (Edward VI, Mary I, Elizabeth I)but no
    grandchildren

    – as his sister had married King James IV of
    Scotland he excluded her and her descendants from
    the succession because he feared the crown could
    go to a Scottish king

    – Elizabeth I became Queen and executed James´mother,
    Queen Mary of Scots, but James kept his protests
    to a minimum because his Catholic mother threatened
    his Rule (he was a Protestant)

    – he always helped the English Queen and get an
    annual pension from the English crown

    – the general feeling in England was that only James
    could be the next English king –> he became king
    after Elizabeth´s death

    – the Puritans hoped that he could bring the
    Protestant position in England forward

    – the Catholics hoped that he could improve the
    situation of the Catholics in England because his
    wife, Anne of Denmark, converted to Catholicism

    – nevertheless it was a remarkable union because
    England and Scotland had been in trouble which
    each other for centuries


  2. – Accession of the Scotish king to the English throne

    – The Tudor dynasty ruled England

    – None of Henry VIII’s children (Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I) managed to have children, hence there was no heir for the throne

    – Henry VIII excluded his sister, who had married King James IV of Scotland, and her descendants from the line of succession, to prevent that the English crown would go to a Scottish king

    – The most appropriate succesor for the throne of England was James the son of Mary, Queen of Scots, who was executed in 1588 by Elisabeth (Queen of England)

    – Unlike his mother he was a Protestant and moreover he was supportive towards the English Queen

    – From the English crown he received an annual pension from 1586 onwards

    – After Elizabeth death James VI became James I, King of England (because none of the other alternative heirs claimed their right to the throne)

    – Neither in England nor in Sotland was the union warmly greeted

    – MacBeth shows the union in a positive light


  3. Now there is not much more to add.
    -The marriage of James IV, King of Scots, and Margaret Tudor, the eldest daughter of Henry VII of England, combined the Stuarts with England’s Tudor line of succession.
    -James won the dependence of the english parliament because he was a protestant, he had sons who could become king after him, and his 36-year rule in Scotland had largely been a success.
    -That gave James VI the possibility to claim the english throne after the death of the unmarried and childless Queen Elizabeth I of England.
    -She died in March 1603 and James VI, King of Scots, became King James I of England.
    -He moved to England and settled into his greater domain easily, not often returning to Scotland.


  4. The Union of Two Nations

    – one of the most remarkable events, which took place in the british history -> accession of the scottish king to the english throne (union of Scotland and England)

    – the Tudor dynasty was ruled under Queen Elizabeth I

    – it was very difficult to produce heirs -> none of his (Henry VIII) children managed to have children

    – Henry VIII was afraid that the crown would go to a scottish king -> his sister married King James IV of Scotland…this is why he excluded his sister of succession

    – the question of a succesor became more important when it was clear that Queen Elizabeth wouldn’t have children

    – James was more agreeable to the english than his mother (catholic) because he was a Protestant

    – from 1586 he received an annual pension from the english crown

    – his mother was executed by the english queen -> James didn’t protest much

    – the English all shared the opinion that only James can succeed -> because of his big power

    – after Elizabeth’s death James VI was proclaimed King of England

    – Puritans hoped that the church of England would move towards a more protestant position -> James might end their opression

    – the union wasn’t very welcomed (neither in England nor in Scotland)

    – remarkable union -> England and Scotland had trouble for centuries

    – Macbeth shows the union in a positive light


  5. 2nd part of „James and witchcraft“

    – In the time of King James treason always was connected with something supernatural

    – James was very worried about witchcraft, wrote essays against witches, blamed and interrogated them for weather phenomena and tried to make everyone believe like he did à finally he made witchcraft a capital crime

    – So the lines Shakespeare wrote contain some personal hints for James, for example to his biography or out of newspaper articles about his incidents

    – James was very fascinated and absorbed by everything magical



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